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What is Data?

In general, data is any set of characters that is gathered and translated for some purpose, usually analysis. If data is not put into context, it doesn't do anything to a human or computer. source
We can simplify the definition above and say that data is a collection of information. For our activities, the data we'll be using is comprised of historical measurements and projections related to climate change.
Humanity produces and stores large amounts of data every day, but in its raw state, it is hard to understand and utilize to make good decisions. One of the tools used to process and better understand this information is called Data Visualization.

Data Visualization

Data visualization is the graphical representation of information and data. By using visual elements like charts, graphs, and maps, data visualization tools provide an accessible way to see and understand trends, outliers, and patterns in data. source
Data visualization helps make sense of information. Once the information is accurately presented in a graph or chart, it is easier to see the big picture and detect patterns.
Data visualization helps in creating and telling a story constructed out of data in an efficient and easily understandable way for everyone.
Data Visualization types
Some of the most common data visualization types are:
  • Tables.
  • Charts - Pie, bar, line and area.
  • Histograms.
  • Scatter plots.
  • Maps - heatmaps, treemaps.
  • Word clouds.
  • Infographics.
Teacher's corner - Data Visualization, a deeper dive
For more information about Data Visualization, types and tools visit:
Data and Data Visualization go together like peanut butter and jelly! But before we sink our teeth into that sandwich, we are discussing Climate Change in the next section.